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Featured image for Toei and early TV anime – Part 1: Kaze no FujimaruBackground image for Toei and early TV anime – Part 1: Kaze no Fujimaru

Toei and early TV anime – Part 1: Kaze no Fujimaru

The goal of this two-part research is to explore part of Tôei’s early TV production, mostly between 1964 and 1968. It will be centered around what is paradoxically…

Animétudes

Featured image for Ghibli outside Ghibli, 1986-1991Background image for Ghibli outside Ghibli, 1986-1991

Ghibli outside Ghibli, 1986-1991

While the idea of a unified “Ghibli aesthetic” or “style” is debatable at best, it makes no doubt that all the animators mentioned here brought something different to…

Animétudes

Featured image for From the Apennines to the AndesBackground image for From the Apennines to the Andes

From the Apennines to the Andes

oxical reception and reputation. In Japan, it is just as well considered as Isao Takahata’s other two entries in the World Masterpiece Theater, with entire generations of animators…

Animétudes

Featured image for Akira Daikuhara: the works and career of a forgotten anime pioneerBackground image for Akira Daikuhara: the works and career of a forgotten anime pioneer

Akira Daikuhara: the works and career of a forgotten anime pioneer

For Japanese animation fans and historians, the name of Akira Daikuhara (sometimes spelled Daikubara) should ring a bell as belonging to one of the major artists in postwar…

Animétudes

Featured image for A Dog of FlandersBackground image for A Dog of Flanders

A Dog of Flanders

Flanders is among the most well-known works in the World Masterpiece Theater canon, both in Japan and overseas; it is perhaps the most famous outside of the select…

Animétudes

Featured image for Current trends in action animation: Hiroto Nagata and Ryûki HashimotoBackground image for Current trends in action animation: Hiroto Nagata and Ryûki Hashimoto

Current trends in action animation: Hiroto Nagata and Ryûki Hashimoto

In today’s landscape, this evolution and, possibly, a new development in action animation seems to be represented by two rising figures: Hiroto Nagata and Ryûki Hashimoto. At first…

Animétudes

Featured image for The Crossing, and why technique matters in animationBackground image for The Crossing, and why technique matters in animation

The Crossing, and why technique matters in animation

As people who follow me on Twitter might know, I had the opportunity to attend the 2021 Annecy festival – the most important festival dedicated to animation in…

Animétudes

Featured image for Yoshinori Kanada and the nature of animationBackground image for Yoshinori Kanada and the nature of animation

Yoshinori Kanada and the nature of animation

assumption of this series, and the reason why it has tried to trace how Kanada’s influence spread and changed over the years. However, I have said little in…

Animétudes

Featured image for Heidi, Girl of the AlpsBackground image for Heidi, Girl of the Alps

Heidi, Girl of the Alps

Heidi, Girl of the Alps needs no introduction. One of the most important and influential works in the history of Japanese animation, Isao Takahata’s first series for Zuiyo…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Hiroyuki ImaishiBackground image for Artist spotlight: Hiroyuki Imaishi

Artist spotlight: Hiroyuki Imaishi

Hiroyuki Imaishi is no doubt the most important artist to rise out of the Kanada school in the last 25 years: the renewal he contributed to trigger with…

Animétudes

Featured image for The Kanada style nowBackground image for The Kanada style now

The Kanada style now

Although the Kanada style has certainly known a rebirth in the 2000s, it seems that, in the 2010’s, it has gone through a new phase of decline. It’s…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Yoshimichi KamedaBackground image for Artist spotlight: Yoshimichi Kameda

Artist spotlight: Yoshimichi Kameda

Yoshimichi Kameda is undoubtedly one of the most important animators of the last 15 years. He is also one of the last really major animators today whose style…

Animétudes

Featured image for Gainax and the Neo-Kanada RenaissanceBackground image for Gainax and the Neo-Kanada Renaissance

Gainax and the Neo-Kanada Renaissance

1998 was one of the most important years in the history of the Kanada school. On the one hand, it was when Yoshinori Kanada himself left Japan—and, with…

Animétudes

Featured image for Looking back, looking forward: Kanada’s late periodBackground image for Looking back, looking forward: Kanada’s late period

Looking back, looking forward: Kanada’s late period

is generally held that Yoshinori Kanada went through two major shifts in the 1990’s, shifts that determined what the two last decades of his life and work would…

Animétudes

Featured image for Yama Nezumi Rocky ChuckBackground image for Yama Nezumi Rocky Chuck

Yama Nezumi Rocky Chuck

Yama Nezumi Rocky Chuck, known in the English-speaking world as Fables of the Green Forest, can be considered the first show to fit into the extended World Masterpiece…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Shin’ya OhiraBackground image for Artist spotlight: Shin’ya Ohira

Artist spotlight: Shin’ya Ohira

This is just my personal opinion on the matter, but I don’t think many animators ever reached the same level of genius as Yoshinori Kanada in terms of…

Animétudes

Featured image for The new generation of the 1990’sBackground image for The new generation of the 1990’s

The new generation of the 1990’s

More than the Kanada school, whose members appeared throughout  the 80s, this new group of animators deserves the word “generation”. The six major animators I will focus on…

Animétudes

Featured image for Takashi Nakamura spotlightBackground image for Takashi Nakamura spotlight

Takashi Nakamura spotlight

Yoshinori Kanada might be the most influential Japanese animator, but he isn’t the only one whose work revolutionized anime. Almost as important as him is Takashi Nakamura. Nakamura…

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Featured image for The rise of realismBackground image for The rise of realism

The rise of realism

However dominant it became in the 80s, the Kanada style was never the only aesthetic of anime. Besides the heavily stylized motion of the Kanada school and the…

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Featured image for Directing KanadaBackground image for Directing Kanada

Directing Kanada

One of the most notable aspects of Kanada’s career is that, while he never directed anything by himself, he was closely associated with major directors: first Yoshiyuki Tomino,…

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Featured image for Artist spotlight: Masami ObariBackground image for Artist spotlight: Masami Obari

Artist spotlight: Masami Obari

Among all the members of the Kanada school, one of the most important and original ones is probably Masami Obari. Along with Masahito Yamashita and Hiroyuki Imaishi, he…

Animétudes

Featured image for Toshihiro Hirano and AIC studioBackground image for Toshihiro Hirano and AIC studio

Toshihiro Hirano and AIC studio

As I mentioned in the previous article about Graviton, the OVA boom was very much carried by small structures and the overlapping nets of connections made by their…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Shôichi MasuoBackground image for Artist spotlight: Shôichi Masuo

Artist spotlight: Shôichi Masuo

With this third artist spotlight dedicated to Shôichi Masuo, I’ll start analyzing the works of some animators who are not prominently affiliated with the Kanada school or style.…

Animétudes

Featured image for Graviton, Gainax, and the Itano schoolBackground image for Graviton, Gainax, and the Itano school

Graviton, Gainax, and the Itano school

Among all the artists influenced by Yoshinori Kanada, Ichirô Itano is probably one of the most important. And yet, he is never considered a Kanada-style animator, most likely…

Animétudes

Featured image for Kanada and Tomonaga, 1978-1979Background image for Kanada and Tomonaga, 1978-1979

Kanada and Tomonaga, 1978-1979

This article is an annex to this piece 1979 was no doubt a busy year in the anime industry, and especially so in the careers of Yoshinori Kanada…

Animétudes

Featured image for Kanada, the first realist?Background image for Kanada, the first realist?

Kanada, the first realist?

Today, especially in the Western side of the fandom, Yoshinori Kanada’s animation is associated with flashy, angular effects and very stylized and exaggerated motion, of the sort in…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Kôji ItôBackground image for Artist spotlight: Kôji Itô

Artist spotlight: Kôji Itô

I’ve mentioned that the sudden wave of Kanada-style animators in the first half of the 80s is as much due to Kanada as to one of his most…

Animétudes

Featured image for A brief history of Kaname ProBackground image for A brief history of Kaname Pro

A brief history of Kaname Pro

Unlike other great and influential studios with a distinct animation philosophy, like A Pro, Ghibli, Sunrise or Kyoto Animation, the Kanada school never had a single, durable place…

Animétudes

Featured image for Artist spotlight: Kazuhiro OchiBackground image for Artist spotlight: Kazuhiro Ochi

Artist spotlight: Kazuhiro Ochi

I decided to start this series on the development of the Kanada school with Urusei Yatsura, arguably the moment when its members really became prominent and their style…

Animétudes

Featured image for Their collective masterpiece: Urusei YatsuraBackground image for Their collective masterpiece: Urusei Yatsura

Their collective masterpiece: Urusei Yatsura

How did Yoshinori Kanada go from being “merely” a very talented animator to one of the most influential members of the anime industry? That’s a fascinating question, and…

Animétudes

Featured image for Kanada between 1973 and 1974Background image for Kanada between 1973 and 1974

Kanada between 1973 and 1974

One of the most difficult periods to retrace in Kanada’s career is his early days. His first credit dates from late 1970, as an in-betweener on the Tôei…

Animétudes

Featured image for The Kanada style in contextBackground image for The Kanada style in context

The Kanada style in context

It is tempting, as is always the case with great artists, to imagine Yoshinori Kanada as a solitary shooting star who appeared and revolutionized Japanese animation from nowhere,…

Animétudes

Featured image for My favorite thingsBackground image for My favorite things

My favorite things

Animétudes celebrates its first anniversary! It has been a relatively short time, but the blog has grown a lot and I’m very thankful for that. So, first of…

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Featured image for Animation, from Pinocchio to Cutie HoneyBackground image for Animation, from Pinocchio to Cutie Honey

Animation, from Pinocchio to Cutie Honey

Animation has an affinity with shape-shifting, to the point that even saying this is cliché. Since one of the first theoretical texts on animation, Serguei Eisenstein’s Notes on…

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Featured image for Motion/MovementBackground image for Motion/Movement

Motion/Movement

Writing about animation isn’t easy. In my experience, the two pitfalls you’re bound to run into at some point are evaluation and description. Evaluation means that you have…

Animétudes

Starting Point

You might be aware that 2020 has been a busy year. For the world at large, of course (and I’m not going into that), but for me as…

Animétudes

Featured image for Starting PointBackground image for Starting Point

Starting Point

You might be aware that 2020 has been a busy year. For the world at large, of course (and I’m not going into that), but for me as…

Animétudes

The purpose of realism in animation

The concept of realism in animation is a tricky one. Indeed, animation is thought to be the perfect medium to transcend reality and give shape to one’s wildest…

Animétudes

Featured image for The purpose of realism in animationBackground image for The purpose of realism in animation

The purpose of realism in animation

The concept of realism in animation is a tricky one. Indeed, animation is thought to be the perfect medium to transcend reality and give shape to one’s wildest…

Animétudes

Exploring sakuga – Conclusion : A sakuga starter pack

As a conclusion for this series on the sakuga community, it seemed fitting to me to target a different audience – not the experienced sakuga fans who would…

Animétudes

Featured image for Exploring sakuga – Conclusion : A sakuga starter packBackground image for Exploring sakuga – Conclusion : A sakuga starter pack

Exploring sakuga – Conclusion : A sakuga starter pack

As a conclusion for this series on the sakuga community, it seemed fitting to me to target a different audience – not the experienced sakuga fans who would…

Animétudes

Featured image for An interview with Toadette, pt 2 : An animator’s reel making ofBackground image for An interview with Toadette, pt 2 : An animator’s reel making of

An interview with Toadette, pt 2 : An animator’s reel making of

Toadette, who I interviewed for my sakuga series, is not just a writer, but also a maker of animator’s reels. Here, they were kind enough to chronicle the…

Animétudes

An interview with Toadette, pt 2 : An animator’s reel making of

Toadette, who I interviewed for my sakuga series, is not just a writer, but also a maker of animator’s reels. Here, they were kind enough to chronicle the…

Animétudes

Exploring sakuga – An interview with Toadette

The other articles in this series are available here : Part 1 ; Part 2 ; Part 3 ; Part 4 ; An interview with manuloz ; An…

Animétudes

Featured image for Exploring sakuga – An interview with ToadetteBackground image for Exploring sakuga – An interview with Toadette

Exploring sakuga – An interview with Toadette

The other articles in this series are available here : Part 1 ; Part 2 ; Part 3 ; Part 4 ; An interview with manuloz ; An…

Animétudes

Exploring sakuga – Part 4 : What is sakuga good for, anyways ?

The idea here is not so much to add on complaints about the current state of the community, whether they’re justified or not. It isn’t either to be…

Animétudes

Featured image for Exploring sakuga – Part 4 : What is sakuga good for, anyways ?Background image for Exploring sakuga – Part 4 : What is sakuga good for, anyways ?

Exploring sakuga – Part 4 : What is sakuga good for, anyways ?

The idea here is not so much to add on complaints about the current state of the community, whether they’re justified or not. It isn’t either to be…

Animétudes

Exploring sakuga – An interview with Geth

This time, I interviewed Geth, sakuga fan and Naruto expert, creator of the most famous sakuga Discord, Naruto Sakuga.

Animétudes

Featured image for Exploring sakuga – An interview with GethBackground image for Exploring sakuga – An interview with Geth

Exploring sakuga – An interview with Geth

This time, I interviewed Geth, sakuga fan and Naruto expert, creator of the most famous sakuga Discord, Naruto Sakuga.

Animétudes

Featured image for Exploring sakuga – Part 3 : The sakuga debateBackground image for Exploring sakuga – Part 3 : The sakuga debate

Exploring sakuga – Part 3 : The sakuga debate

By 2016 and the creation of the companion Sakuga Blog, the sakuga community we now know had pretty much been formed. But that wasn’t without debates and heated…

Animétudes